Hemorrhoids – varicose anus veins, is a very often discomfort. This problem affects one third part of adults. Otherwise known as bleeding nodules, are a small anatomical structures inside the anus. Usually occur in pregnant women, when it comes to the oppression of the fetus, which increases if the blood pressure in hemorrhoids. This problem also affects people who lead a sedentary lifestyle, or elder than 50 years. Anal hemorrhoids seal the annus, but if they are magnified can cause the pain and discomfort.
Causes of hemorrhoids
- unhealtthy nutrition
- abuse of alcohol and coffee
- lifting heavy objects
The procedure for the treatment of hemorrhoids
Before starting the procedure, the surgeon performs an ultrasound, which allows to determine the position of blood vessels. Depending on the severity of the treatment laser treatment of hemorrhoids is divided into two types:
1. the treatment of hemorrhoids of first and second degree – it is minimally invasive and simple. No tissue is removed but we close hemorrhoidal artherioles, not clips or thread applicable. During surgery appears the coagulation of rectal artery branches and partial shrinkage of the surrounding tissues and mucosa. Then arteriovenous flow is changed, thanks to which in a few days hemorrhoids disappear. The advantage of this procedure is a small risk of post-operative discomfort and rapid return to normal activity. The procedure takes about 15 minutes and is painless. The patient is locally anesthetized. You can leave the clinic on the same day, but should remain at the clinic for about an hour observation.
2. the removal of nodules III and IV grade – we close hemorrhoids from the inside, without damaging the sphincter and mucosa. During the treatment we puncture the bleeding nodule. The local anesthesia is applied. The emission of light under mucosa evokes hemorroids volume contraction, connective tissue renewal and sticks the mucous membranes to the underneath tissues, reducing this way the risk of reappearance. Thanks to the treatment natural hemorrhoid structure is restore. During the procedure shall be applicable not cuts, so the healing process is quick, the patients can return to daily activity already within a few days.